Office of the President, ROC (Taiwan)
   
:::
Site map中文版mobile RSS
 
|S|M|L  
*
*
:::
Introduction to the Republic of china(Taiwan)
*

 Main text

 Main text

print
* Module Load Warning
One or more of the modules on this page did not load. This may be temporary. Please refresh the page (click F5 in most browsers). If the problem persists, please let the Site Administrator know.

Chapter VII. Judiciary

Article 77.

The Judicial Yuan shall be the highest judicial organ of the State and shall have charge of civil, criminal, and administrative cases, and over cases concerning disciplinary measures against public functionaries.

Article 78.

The Judicial Yuan shall interpret the Constitution and shall have the power to unify the interpretation of laws and orders.

Article 79.

The Judicial Yuan shall have a President and a Vice President, who shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.
The Judicial Yuan shall have a certain number of Grand Justices to take charge of matters specified in Article 78 of this Constitution, who shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.

Article 80.

Judges shall be above partisanship and shall, in accordance with law, hold trials independently, free from any interference.

Article 81.

Judges shall hold office for life. No judge shall be removed from office unless he has been found guilty of a criminal offense or subjected to disciplinary measure, or declared to be under interdiction. No judge shall, except in accordance with law, be suspended or transferred or have his salary reduced.

Article 82.

The organization of the Judicial Yuan and of the law courts of various grades shall be prescribed by law.

top
Chapter VIII. Examination

Article 83.

The Examination Yuan shall be the highest examination organ of the State and shall have charge of matters relating to examination, employment, registration, service rating, scale of salaries, promotion and transfer, security of tenure, commendation, pecuniary aid in case of death, retirement and old age pension.

Article 84.

The Examination Yuan shall have a President and a Vice President and a certain number of Members, all of whom shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.

Article 85.

In the selection of public functionaries, a system of open competitive examination shall be put into operation, and examinations shall be held in different areas, with prescribed numbers of persons to be selected according to various provinces and areas. No person shall be appointed to a public office unless he is qualified through examination.

Article 86.

The following qualifications shall be determined and registered through examination by the Examination Yuan in accordance with law:

1. Qualification for appointment as public functionaries; and
2. Qualification for practice in specialized professions or as technicians.

Article 87.

The Examination Yuan may, with respect to matters under its charge, present statutory bills to the Legislative Yuan.

Article 88.

Members of the Examination Yuan shall be above partisanship and shall independently exercise their functions in accordance with law.

Article 89.

The organization of the Examination Yuan shall be prescribed by law.

top
Chapter VII. Judiciary

Article 77.

The Judicial Yuan shall be the highest judicial organ of the State and shall have charge of civil, criminal, and administrative cases, and over cases concerning disciplinary measures against public functionaries.

Article 78.

The Judicial Yuan shall interpret the Constitution and shall have the power to unify the interpretation of laws and orders.

Article 79.

The Judicial Yuan shall have a President and a Vice President, who shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.
The Judicial Yuan shall have a certain number of Grand Justices to take charge of matters specified in Article 78 of this Constitution, who shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.

Article 80.

Judges shall be above partisanship and shall, in accordance with law, hold trials independently, free from any interference.

Article 81.

Judges shall hold office for life. No judge shall be removed from office unless he has been found guilty of a criminal offense or subjected to disciplinary measure, or declared to be under interdiction. No judge shall, except in accordance with law, be suspended or transferred or have his salary reduced.

Article 82.

The organization of the Judicial Yuan and of the law courts of various grades shall be prescribed by law.

top
Chapter VIII. Examination

Article 83.

The Examination Yuan shall be the highest examination organ of the State and shall have charge of matters relating to examination, employment, registration, service rating, scale of salaries, promotion and transfer, security of tenure, commendation, pecuniary aid in case of death, retirement and old age pension.

Article 84.

The Examination Yuan shall have a President and a Vice President and a certain number of Members, all of whom shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Control Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic.

Article 85.

In the selection of public functionaries, a system of open competitive examination shall be put into operation, and examinations shall be held in different areas, with prescribed numbers of persons to be selected according to various provinces and areas. No person shall be appointed to a public office unless he is qualified through examination.

Article 86.

The following qualifications shall be determined and registered through examination by the Examination Yuan in accordance with law:

1. Qualification for appointment as public functionaries; and
2. Qualification for practice in specialized professions or as technicians.

Article 87.

The Examination Yuan may, with respect to matters under its charge, present statutory bills to the Legislative Yuan.

Article 88.

Members of the Examination Yuan shall be above partisanship and shall independently exercise their functions in accordance with law.

Article 89.

The organization of the Examination Yuan shall be prescribed by law.

top