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Introduction to the Republic of china(Taiwan)
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Organization Chart
 
 
The Presidency
 

As head of state, the President, starting from the ninth term, shall be directly elected by the entire populace of the free area of the Republic of China, and may hold office for no more than two consecutive four-year terms. The President represents the country in its foreign relations and at state functions. All acts are conducted in his name, including command of the armed forces; promulgation of laws and decrees; declaration of martial law with the approval of, or subject to confirmation by, the Legislative Yuan; appointment and removal of civil servants and military officers; conferring of honors and decorations; granting of amnesties and pardons, remission of sentences, and restitution of civil rights; as well as conclusion of treaties and declaration of war and cease-fire. According to the newly amended Additional Articles of the Constitution, the President, by the resolution of the Executive Yuan, may issue emergency orders and take all necessary measures to avert imminent danger affecting the security of the State or of the people or to cope with any serious financial or economic crisis. The President may, following passage by the Legislative Yuan of a no-confidence vote against the president of the Executive Yuan, declare the dissolution of the Legislative Yuan after consulting with its president. However, the President shall not dissolve the Legislative Yuan while martial law or an emergency order is in effect.

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Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan, the highest administrative organ of this country, has a president (usually referred to as the premier), a vice president (vice premier), a number of ministers and chairpersons of commissions or councils, and several ministers without portfolio. The premier is appointed by the President of the Republic. The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the premier.

In accordance with the Organic Act of the Executive Yuan as amended and promulgated on February 3, 2010, there are to be a total of 29 agencies under the Executive Yuan (14 ministries, eight commissions, three independent agencies, one bank, one museum, and two general divisions). The amended Act entered into force on January 1, 2012, and preparations to establish new agencies are moving forward in tandem with progress in the Legislative Yuan toward the passage of related government reorganization bills. The work is proceeding at a deliberate pace to ensure that the changes are supported by a fully developed legislative framework, sound and stable implementation of policy, and a solid set of accompanying measures.

Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan, the highest legislative organ of this Country, exercises legislative power on behalf of the people. Beginning with the Seventh Legislative Yuan, the Legislative Yuan shall have 113 members. The members of the Legislative Yuan shall serve a term of four years, which is renewable after re-election. The distribution of the Legislative seats is as follows: (1) Seventy-three members shall be elected from the Special Municipalities, counties, and cities in the free area. At least one member shall be elected from each county or city. Members for the seats shall be elected in proportion to the population of each Special Municipality, county, or city, which shall be divided into electoral constituencies equal in number with the members to be elected; (2) Three members each shall be elected from among the lowland and highland aborigines in the free area; (3) A total of 34 members shall be elected from the nationwide constituency and among citizens residing abroad. Members for the seats shall be elected proportionately from each of the political parties that obtains at least 5 percent of the total vote, and each party's female elects shall not be less than one-half of its total elected members. The Legislative Yuan has a president and a vice president, elected by and from among its members.

The functions of the Legislative Yuan are: to decide by resolution statutory or budgetary bills or bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declaration of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs of the state; to propose to amend the Constitution, change the nation's territorial boundaries, or impeach the President or Vice President; to exercise the power of consent regarding appointments of personnel nominated by the ROC President, such as the president, vice president and grand justices of the Judicial Yuan, the president, vice president and members of the Examination Yuan, the president, vice president, members and the Auditor General of the Control Yuan, and the Public Prosecutor General of the Prosecutors Office of the Supreme Court. When the Legislative Yuan convenes each year, it may hear a report on the state of the nation by the President.

Judicial Yuan

The Judicial Yuan is the country's highest judicial organ under which are courts and administrative courts at all levels, as well as the Committee on the Discipline of Public Functionaries. It is responsible for the adjudication of civil, criminal, and administrative litigations, as well as the discipline of civil servants.

The Judicial Yuan shall have 15 grand justices. The 15 grand justices, including a president and a vice president of the Judicial Yuan to be selected from amongst them, shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic. Each grand justice of the Judicial Yuan shall serve a term of eight years, independent of the order of appointment to office, and shall not serve consecutive terms. The grand justices serving as president and vice president of the Judicial Yuan shall not enjoy the guarantee of an eight-year term. Through group consultations, the grand justices interpret the Constitution and unify the interpretation of laws and ordinances. They also form a constitutional tribunal to adjudicate matters relating to the impeachment of the President or the Vice President, and the dissolution of political parties violating constitutional provisions.

Examination Yuan

The Examination Yuan is responsible for the examination, employment, and management of all civil servants in this country. Specifically, the Examination Yuan oversees all examination-related matters; all matters relating to qualification screening; security of tenure, pecuniary aid in case of death, and the retirement of civil servants; and all legal matters pertaining to the employment, discharge, performance evaluations, scale of salaries, promotions, transfers, commendations, and rewards for civil servants. All these functions are handled by the Ministry of Examination, Ministry of Personnel, the Supervisory Board of Civil Servants Pension Fund, and the Civil Service Protection and Training Commission.

The Examination Yuan has a president, a vice president, and 19 members, all of whom are, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, appointed by the ROC President for six-year terms.

Control Yuan

The Control Yuan is the highest watchdog body of this country, exercising the powers of impeachment, censure, and audit. It has 29 members, including a president and a vice president, each of whom shall serve a term of six years and is appointed by the President of the ROC with the consent of the Legislative Yuan. The Control Yuan has a Ministry of Audit, headed by an auditor-general who is nominated and appointed, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, by the President of the Republic for a six-year term. The ministry audits the final accounts of revenues and expenditures of all government agencies.

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Central goverment organization chart President Vice President Office of President National Security Council Executive Yuan Legislative Yuan Judicial Yuan Examination Yuan Control Yuan Academia Sinivca Academia Historica

 
Organization Chart
 
 
The Presidency
 

As head of state, the President, starting from the ninth term, shall be directly elected by the entire populace of the free area of the Republic of China, and may hold office for no more than two consecutive four-year terms. The President represents the country in its foreign relations and at state functions. All acts are conducted in his name, including command of the armed forces; promulgation of laws and decrees; declaration of martial law with the approval of, or subject to confirmation by, the Legislative Yuan; appointment and removal of civil servants and military officers; conferring of honors and decorations; granting of amnesties and pardons, remission of sentences, and restitution of civil rights; as well as conclusion of treaties and declaration of war and cease-fire. According to the newly amended Additional Articles of the Constitution, the President, by the resolution of the Executive Yuan, may issue emergency orders and take all necessary measures to avert imminent danger affecting the security of the State or of the people or to cope with any serious financial or economic crisis. The President may, following passage by the Legislative Yuan of a no-confidence vote against the president of the Executive Yuan, declare the dissolution of the Legislative Yuan after consulting with its president. However, the President shall not dissolve the Legislative Yuan while martial law or an emergency order is in effect.

top
 
Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan, the highest administrative organ of this country, has a president (usually referred to as the premier), a vice president (vice premier), a number of ministers and chairpersons of commissions or councils, and several ministers without portfolio. The premier is appointed by the President of the Republic. The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the premier.

In accordance with the Organic Act of the Executive Yuan as amended and promulgated on February 3, 2010, there are to be a total of 29 agencies under the Executive Yuan (14 ministries, eight commissions, three independent agencies, one bank, one museum, and two general divisions). The amended Act entered into force on January 1, 2012, and preparations to establish new agencies are moving forward in tandem with progress in the Legislative Yuan toward the passage of related government reorganization bills. The work is proceeding at a deliberate pace to ensure that the changes are supported by a fully developed legislative framework, sound and stable implementation of policy, and a solid set of accompanying measures.

Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan, the highest legislative organ of this Country, exercises legislative power on behalf of the people. Beginning with the Seventh Legislative Yuan, the Legislative Yuan shall have 113 members. The members of the Legislative Yuan shall serve a term of four years, which is renewable after re-election. The distribution of the Legislative seats is as follows: (1) Seventy-three members shall be elected from the Special Municipalities, counties, and cities in the free area. At least one member shall be elected from each county or city. Members for the seats shall be elected in proportion to the population of each Special Municipality, county, or city, which shall be divided into electoral constituencies equal in number with the members to be elected; (2) Three members each shall be elected from among the lowland and highland aborigines in the free area; (3) A total of 34 members shall be elected from the nationwide constituency and among citizens residing abroad. Members for the seats shall be elected proportionately from each of the political parties that obtains at least 5 percent of the total vote, and each party's female elects shall not be less than one-half of its total elected members. The Legislative Yuan has a president and a vice president, elected by and from among its members.

The functions of the Legislative Yuan are: to decide by resolution statutory or budgetary bills or bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declaration of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs of the state; to propose to amend the Constitution, change the nation's territorial boundaries, or impeach the President or Vice President; to exercise the power of consent regarding appointments of personnel nominated by the ROC President, such as the president, vice president and grand justices of the Judicial Yuan, the president, vice president and members of the Examination Yuan, the president, vice president, members and the Auditor General of the Control Yuan, and the Public Prosecutor General of the Prosecutors Office of the Supreme Court. When the Legislative Yuan convenes each year, it may hear a report on the state of the nation by the President.

Judicial Yuan

The Judicial Yuan is the country's highest judicial organ under which are courts and administrative courts at all levels, as well as the Committee on the Discipline of Public Functionaries. It is responsible for the adjudication of civil, criminal, and administrative litigations, as well as the discipline of civil servants.

The Judicial Yuan shall have 15 grand justices. The 15 grand justices, including a president and a vice president of the Judicial Yuan to be selected from amongst them, shall be nominated and, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, appointed by the President of the Republic. Each grand justice of the Judicial Yuan shall serve a term of eight years, independent of the order of appointment to office, and shall not serve consecutive terms. The grand justices serving as president and vice president of the Judicial Yuan shall not enjoy the guarantee of an eight-year term. Through group consultations, the grand justices interpret the Constitution and unify the interpretation of laws and ordinances. They also form a constitutional tribunal to adjudicate matters relating to the impeachment of the President or the Vice President, and the dissolution of political parties violating constitutional provisions.

Examination Yuan

The Examination Yuan is responsible for the examination, employment, and management of all civil servants in this country. Specifically, the Examination Yuan oversees all examination-related matters; all matters relating to qualification screening; security of tenure, pecuniary aid in case of death, and the retirement of civil servants; and all legal matters pertaining to the employment, discharge, performance evaluations, scale of salaries, promotions, transfers, commendations, and rewards for civil servants. All these functions are handled by the Ministry of Examination, Ministry of Personnel, the Supervisory Board of Civil Servants Pension Fund, and the Civil Service Protection and Training Commission.

The Examination Yuan has a president, a vice president, and 19 members, all of whom are, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, appointed by the ROC President for six-year terms.

Control Yuan

The Control Yuan is the highest watchdog body of this country, exercising the powers of impeachment, censure, and audit. It has 29 members, including a president and a vice president, each of whom shall serve a term of six years and is appointed by the President of the ROC with the consent of the Legislative Yuan. The Control Yuan has a Ministry of Audit, headed by an auditor-general who is nominated and appointed, with the consent of the Legislative Yuan, by the President of the Republic for a six-year term. The ministry audits the final accounts of revenues and expenditures of all government agencies.

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Central goverment organization chart President Vice President Office of President National Security Council Executive Yuan Legislative Yuan Judicial Yuan Examination Yuan Control Yuan Academia Sinivca Academia Historica