Office of the President, ROC (Taiwan)
   
:::
Site map中文版mobile RSS
 
|S|M|L  
*
*
:::
Introduction to the Republic of china(Taiwan)
See us on
youtube
flickr
*
See us on
youtube
flickr
*
*

  Local governments

  Local governments

print
* Module Load Warning
One or more of the modules on this page did not load. This may be temporary. Please refresh the page (click F5 in most browsers). If the problem persists, please let the Site Administrator know.

 
(Click here for more information.)
 

Local government in the ROC (Taiwan) is subdivided into several different levels. Beneath the central government are provinces and special municipalities. Beneath the provinces are counties and cities; counties are subdivided into rural townships, urban townships, and county-administered cities; special municipalities and cities are subdivided into districts. A special municipality, county, city, rural township, urban township, county-administered city, or mountain indigenous district under the jurisdiction of a special municipality is an organ of local self-governance, but a province is not. Currently the ROC comprises two provinces (Taiwan and Fujian) and six special municipalities (Taipei, New Taipei, Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung). At the provincial level, under the two provinces are 13 counties (Yilan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Pingtung, Hualien, Taitung, Penghu, Kinmen, and Lienchiang) and three cities (Keelung, Hsinchu, and Chiayi), and under these counties and cities are 146 rural townships, 40 urban townships, 12 county-administered cities, and 170 city districts (including 6 mountain indigenous districts under the jurisdiction of special municipalities).

top
 
Provincial Level
 

A province has a provincial government and a provincial consultative council. The provincial government is a branch under the Executive Yuan that executes the orders of the Executive Yuan and supervises matters governed by the counties and cities. The provincial government has a committee of nine members, one of whom is the provincial governor. The governor, concurrently politically appointed to administer provincial affairs, and other committee members (without remuneration) are nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the republic. In addition, a provincial consultative council provides advice and recommendations on provincial affairs to the provincial government and has 5 to 29 councillors who serve three-year terms. One of the councillors is appointed as the head to administer council affairs. All councillors are nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the republic. Taiwan Province currently has a provincial government and provincial consultative council, while Fujian Province has just a provincial government.

top
 
Special Municipality Level
 

A special municipality has a municipal government and a municipal council, which act respectively as the legislative and administrative branches of the municipality. The members of the municipal council are popularly elected to four-year terms and are eligible for re-election. The municipal government has a mayor who represents the special municipality to the public, is responsible for general administrative affairs, is elected by popular vote to serve a four-year term, and serves no more than two consecutive terms. The mayor of a special municipality appoints two deputies (or three if the population of the municipality is 2.5 million or greater) to assist the mayor in handling governmental affairs, and submits the appointment to the Executive Yuan for the public record.

top
 
County Level
 

Each county and city has a government and a council. The council acts as the legislative branch of the county or city. Its members are elected by popular vote to four-year terms, and are eligible for re-election. County and city governments act as the administrative branches of counties and cities. County governments are headed by magistrates and city governments by mayors, who represent the county or city to the public and are responsible for general administrative affairs of the county or city government. A county magistrate also supervises the self-governance of rural townships, urban townships, and county-administered cities. Both magistrates and mayors are popularly elected to four-year terms and serve no more than two consecutive terms. A magistrate or mayor appoints one deputy (or two if the population of the county or city is 1.25 million or greater) to assist the magistrate or mayor in handling governmental affairs, and submits the appointment to the Ministry of the Interior for the public record.

top
 
(Click here for more information.)
 

Local government in the ROC (Taiwan) is subdivided into several different levels. Beneath the central government are provinces and special municipalities. Beneath the provinces are counties and cities; counties are subdivided into rural townships, urban townships, and county-administered cities; special municipalities and cities are subdivided into districts. A special municipality, county, city, rural township, urban township, county-administered city, or mountain indigenous district under the jurisdiction of a special municipality is an organ of local self-governance, but a province is not. Currently the ROC comprises two provinces (Taiwan and Fujian) and six special municipalities (Taipei, New Taipei, Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung). At the provincial level, under the two provinces are 13 counties (Yilan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Pingtung, Hualien, Taitung, Penghu, Kinmen, and Lienchiang) and three cities (Keelung, Hsinchu, and Chiayi), and under these counties and cities are 146 rural townships, 40 urban townships, 12 county-administered cities, and 170 city districts (including 6 mountain indigenous districts under the jurisdiction of special municipalities).

top
 
Provincial Level
 

A province has a provincial government and a provincial consultative council. The provincial government is a branch under the Executive Yuan that executes the orders of the Executive Yuan and supervises matters governed by the counties and cities. The provincial government has a committee of nine members, one of whom is the provincial governor. The governor, concurrently politically appointed to administer provincial affairs, and other committee members (without remuneration) are nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the republic. In addition, a provincial consultative council provides advice and recommendations on provincial affairs to the provincial government and has 5 to 29 councillors who serve three-year terms. One of the councillors is appointed as the head to administer council affairs. All councillors are nominated by the president of the Executive Yuan and appointed by the president of the republic. Taiwan Province currently has a provincial government and provincial consultative council, while Fujian Province has just a provincial government.

top
 
Special Municipality Level
 

A special municipality has a municipal government and a municipal council, which act respectively as the legislative and administrative branches of the municipality. The members of the municipal council are popularly elected to four-year terms and are eligible for re-election. The municipal government has a mayor who represents the special municipality to the public, is responsible for general administrative affairs, is elected by popular vote to serve a four-year term, and serves no more than two consecutive terms. The mayor of a special municipality appoints two deputies (or three if the population of the municipality is 2.5 million or greater) to assist the mayor in handling governmental affairs, and submits the appointment to the Executive Yuan for the public record.

top
 
County Level
 

Each county and city has a government and a council. The council acts as the legislative branch of the county or city. Its members are elected by popular vote to four-year terms, and are eligible for re-election. County and city governments act as the administrative branches of counties and cities. County governments are headed by magistrates and city governments by mayors, who represent the county or city to the public and are responsible for general administrative affairs of the county or city government. A county magistrate also supervises the self-governance of rural townships, urban townships, and county-administered cities. Both magistrates and mayors are popularly elected to four-year terms and serve no more than two consecutive terms. A magistrate or mayor appoints one deputy (or two if the population of the county or city is 1.25 million or greater) to assist the magistrate or mayor in handling governmental affairs, and submits the appointment to the Ministry of the Interior for the public record.

top